Similar to South Quincy, West Quincy is a neighborhood that largely grew up around the opening and rapid growth of the granite industry in the 1820s. In its heyday, some 50 quarries were active, attracting a diverse group of ethnic groups to work in the trade. The Bunker Hill Monument in Charlestown, the base of the Statue of Liberty in NYC; and Fort Sumter in South Carolina all boast Quincy granite, among other notable buildings. In the 1950s the quarries closed and the building of the Southeast Expressway effectively cut the neighborhood in half. Today the quarries have been replaced by large residential complexes which feature a mix of condos and apartments. Some older homes are sprinkled around the Expressway. West Quincy offers easy access to Boston as well as the South Shore and is served by a number of MBTA bus routes that connect to the subway and commuter rail via Quincy Center Station.