Lower Mills is one of the most expensive neighborhoods in Dorchester, anchored by its historic mill complex surrounded by picturesque falls. The early colonists were quick to utilize the falls on the lower Neponset River as a source of water power. In 1765 Dr. James Baker established the Baker Chocolate Company, the oldest producer of chocolate in the U.S. Years of success in delivering chocolate, which until then had been exclusive to Europe, helped expand the business and turn the mills into a thriving complex for other industries. Today, the mills have been redeveloped into luxury condos which include live/work lofts, gallery space and meeting rooms arranged around a three-story atrium. The western section of the neighborhood features an enclave of more modest but still elegant Greek Revival, Italianate, and Federal-style homes built for the craftsmen who worked in the mills in the area’s furniture trade.
Located on the southern edge of Dorchester, Lower Mills is right across the Neponset River from the town of Milton. To the north, Lower Mills borders the Dorchester neighborhoods of Codman Square and Ashmont with Cedar Grove to the east and the Boston neighborhood of Mattapan to the west.